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Vladislav S
 added a discussion  to  , Buryatia

The fifth post!

Today I want to talk a little about and a lot about the .

All countries have their anthems and Russia has too.

You know that the 20th century was like a boiling cauldron of Russian History. Russia survived two revolutions, one putsch, changed 3 forms of government: was a monarchy, the first communist country, and a democratic government. A lot of changes, and our anthems were also changing.

But I will talk not only about the 20th century.

The first Russian anthem appeared in the year 1791. In that year the Empress Katherine the II Great, Mother of the Fatherland. In that year the Russian Empire won the 7th Russian-Turkish war. Poland got the first Constitution. Crimea fully became a part of Russia. So, the name of our first anthem is "Thunder of victory, be heard!". It was not an official anthem, but it was the first one. The first anthem lasted from 1791 to 1816.

The second is the anthem of the Russian Empire that appeared in the year 1817. That year the Russian Empire began a systematic attack on the regions of Chechnya and Dagestan. The name of the second anthem is "The Russian's prayer". It was also the unofficial anthem that was existing from 1817 to 1833.

The third is the anthem of the Russian Empire that started in the year 1833. That year in spring the Russian Empire introduces three military squadrons to the Bosphorus to support Turkey during its war with rebellious Egypt, and concludes an eternal peace treaty. (After that treaty we had 8 wars with Turkey). Alexander Puskin wrote the poem "The Bronze Horseman". December 18 - For the first time a new anthem of Russia is publicly performed - “God save the Tsar!”, that anthem is the first official national anthem of the Russian Empire. (listed from 1833 to 1917).

The fourth is the anthem of the Russian Republic that was the song "Preobrazhensky march". The year 1917 was full of different events. In February the last Russian Tsar(Emperor) Nicolas II abdicated in favor of his brother but he denied. So, the great Russian monarchy was ended. From February to October, the Provisional Government ruled Russia. But in October 25th Bolsheviks led by Vladimir Lenin overthrew the Provisional Government. Thus began the Russian Civil War (1917-1922) after which the era of communism and socialism came. In 1917 year Bolsheviks changed the anthem to the Working Marseillaise that was the fifth anthem in the Russian history.

The sixth is the national anthem of the RSFSR (1918-1922) that was a song "International", after the formation of the Soviet Union (1922), it became the anthem of the USSR (1922-1944).

The seventh is the national anthem of the USSR(1944-1991). On May 9th of 1944 Soviet Army freed Sevastopol(the Capital of Crimea). On June 22 by the Decree of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR, the Gold Medal “For Excellent Success in Learning, Labor and for Exemplary Behavior” was approved, which was awarded to distinguished graduates of a secondary school. June 28 - In the Auschwitz concentration camp, a record number of people were killed in one day in the entire history of the camp - 24 thousand people, mostly Hungarian Jews. 31 July - the territory of the RSFSR was completely cleared of German troops. The new national anthem of the USSR sounded on the night of January 1, 1944.

The eighth is the national anthem of the RSFSR and the Russian Federation "The patriotic song" that listed from 1990 to 2000. On June 12, the First Congress of People's Deputies of the RSFSR adopted the Declaration of Russian Sovereignty.

The ninth is the national anthem of the Russian Federation(2000 - today). In the year 2000, Vladimir Putin became the president of the Russian Federation. He rules from 2000 to the present. With the end of the 20th century, Russia has entered a new era, the era of the reign of Vladimir Putin, the era of great stability.

The Republic of also has the national anthem in Russian and Buryat languages. The anthem was accepted in 1995. The basis of the anthem is “Song of the Homeland”, verses - Damba Zhalsaraev. The Buryat ASSR declared its sovereignty in 1990 and adopted the name Republic of Buryatia in 1992. However, it remained an autonomous republic within the Russian Federation. On 11 July 1995 Buryatia signed a power-sharing agreement with the federal government, granting it autonomy. This agreement would be abolished on 15 February 2002.

The national anthems of Russia:

1. The thunder of victory, be heard! - the first anthem of the Russian Empire(1787-1791)

2. Russian's prayer - the second anthem of the Russian Empire(1791-1833)

3. The national anthem of the Russian Empire - the first official anthem of the Russian Empire(1833-1917)

4. The Preobrazhensky march - the national anthem of post-monarchy Russia(1917)

5. The Working Marseillaise - the national anthem of Socialistic Russia(1917)

6. The International - the national anthem of USSR (1918-1944)

7. The national anthem of the Soviet Union - the national anthem of USSR(1944-1991)

8. The Patriotic song - the national anthem of RSFSR and Russian Federation(1990-2000)

9. The national anthem of Russia - the national anthem of the Russian Federation(2000-today)

10. The national anthem of the Buryat Republic is the last one.

You can also see the flags of Russia:

1. The flag of the Russian Empire

2. The flag of the USSR

3. The flag of the Russian Federation

4. The flag of the Buryat Republic

Vladislav S
 added a group  to  , Buryatia

Hello dear guests!

I have created this address especially for you, people! I want to share our traditions and a with you. Here you can learn more about our history, and so on. 

The name of this public is the . I named it after the river that flows in (the of the district). The valley is a part of the Republic of (one of 85 states of Russia). There is the beautiful that is difficult to describe, the amazing traditions and the interesting history of our places!

So, you are welcome to this channel and to Tunka too!  ;)

Vladislav S
 added post  to  , Buryatia

The fourth post!

These days I have taken some photos. Here you can see one of them. 

This photo was taken on March 7 nearby Kyren. Kyren is the administrative center of our district, there are about 5000 people, two GAS stations, 99 streets, 2-3 Buddhist temples, one river, and three springs. Kyren was founded at the beginning of the 19 century.  There are three schools and my school is the biggest one.

In the photo you can see a mountain which we call  "Hereney tepkher hada" (Flat mountain of Kyren). It is also the sacred mountain) I know that it looks like a volcano but it isn't.  It seems to me that in all mountains are sacred! This mountain is a part of the range Hamar Daban(Walnut mountains). This range is not higher than 2000 meters, this mountains are in a zone of the forest. They stretch parallel to the Eastern Sayan, from Mongolia to .

People named this range like the Hamar Daban because there are a lot of pine nuts and people collect them.

Unfortunately, my granny doesn't know any stories about this mountain. 

The landscapes are amazing! I think that you have to see it in your own eyes because a camera can't show the beauty of nature fully! 

On the highest part of the mountain, you can see some snow because here it is still cold. When in Kyren it rains in the mountains it snowfalls! 

I've never been to these mountains, unfortunately, but I've been to the Eastern Sayan!

On the left-hand side, you see the gates of the Buddhist temple. In Buryatia, there are a lot of temples, not only Buddhists, Christian too. I know a rector of this temple, he is quite wise and smart person! But I think that all clergymen are smart and wise. I don't know when this temple was founded. 

Also in the photo, you can see many little pines. Why are they so little? Maybe people are growing them? 

You know that the USSR was an agricultural country. So, soviet people were raising a virgin soil and cutting down the forests to increase the sown area. But now the Soviet Union doesn't exist and people don't sow a grain anymore and the forest returns its land. And I think it is better for our ecology. 

So, that's the end of this post. I will write more about the Buddhism, Kyren, and other places.



Vladislav S
 added post  to  , Buryatia

The second post! ; ; ;

Look at these photos!

In these two photos you can see the Tunkinsky goltsy again but the main thing is one of the sacred peaks of our mountains - The Altan Mundarga! That's a buryat name, in English it sounds like The Golden Peak. Unfortunately, I don't know a true story of this name and any folklore stories which are related to the Altan Mundarga. But, be sure, I will ask my relatives and look for more information.

You can notice that I have marked the Altan Mundarga in the photo. Some geographic information: The height is 3156 meters. It is the second peak after The Mon Uula(Munku Sardyk). (That's all that I have found on the Internet). 

Of course the amazing beauty of goes without saying). Now you are looking at photos that were taken in April this year. There are no green colors but in summer it looks much better! I will post some photos of the summer mountains when summer will come. Oh, and I'm sure that you have seen the snowy mountains in summer on the cover of the address. It happens every summer and snowfalls aren't something supernatural at these places. A climate in the mountains is very hard when snowfalls happen people who are in the mountains at this moment are in a zone of risk because the cold winds, snow and a sub-zero temperature can kill people who don't have warm clothes and can't make a fire. 

We believe that the Altan Mundarga is a homeplace of our mountain Gods. We are really venerating them. When people are in the mountains they are not allowed to say something bad about Gods or spirits of these places because God's punishment is coming very soon. So, we never say that we are stronger than the mountains, we never say that it is easy to climb the peaks. And we never conquer the mountains because people are just small creatures which don't have a power. Also we have special rites of worship. There are different ways of worship or paying respect. The first one is "press "F" to pay respect", just kidding). To be serious, we go to people who can do these rites, we call them just "taabay", it means an old man because all of these people are old. So we buy different kinds of food like milk, a vodka, cookies, candies, etc. And we don't use meat because it is a meat of dead creatures. 

The second way - we go to a lama(Buddhist monk) and he does the rite. We also bring different kinds of food. And milk is the most important thing in all our rites. We do nothing without milk.

And some people do this rite by themselves if they can. It is not forbidden, but you should know how to do it because if you make a mistake you will be punished by Gods.

So, now you know a small part of our !

It seems to me that I have told you everything that I knew! )