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My name is Sasha. I am always here for you to help you settle down.

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To be consistent with our goal to promote enlightenment, critical thinking and learning, we have changed all the reactions to comments, posts and other pieces of content. Now we have the the following signs: 

Light bulb: to react to something that enlightened you

Refresh: to react to something that changed your view

Question mark: to react to something that you think needs more evidence

Disagree sign: to react to something you respectfully disagree with

Our users are not pursuing likes, they are trying to challenge their views, enlighten other people and seek wisdom. 

Causal Fallacy is a logical fallacy in which a person presents an incorrect cause. 

Stan: I think one of the reasons why my project is failing is that I started it in the summer. Everytime I start doing something serious in the summer I end up failing.

Mary: I don't think that this fact had any impact on the outcome. There's a number of objective factors that contributed to the outcome.

Full dialogue here: All argumentation fallacies

Video example: 

Tu Quoque Fallacy (Appeal to hypocrisyis a type of Ad Hominem fallacy in which a person tries to discredit the opponent by claiming that the opponent doesn't act according to the argument's conclusion.

Stan: Well, Mary, you were working on your project for two years and it was clear after one year that it wasn't working out. And now you are trying to convince me to quit so early.

Mary: I agree that I made a mistake and quit much later than I could have. But it doesn't mean that you have to follow my example.

Full dialogue here: All argumentation fallacies

Video example: 

Circular Argument is a logical fallacy in which a person basically makes the same point in both sides of the argument.

Stan: Dan's business is awesome and successful, because Dan is such a successful businessman.

Mary: Not sure how this is relevant but you are making the same point twice... 

 

Full dialogue here: All argumentation fallacies

Video example: 

Hasty Generalization is a logical fallacy in which a person draws a conclusion without providing sufficient data to support it.

Stan: My friend Dan was experiencing serious problems with a project similar to mine but he survived so I should also keep on trying with my project.

Mary: Your friend Dan's case is not representative of the whole population who had similar projects. He succeeded but it doesn't mean that all other people have succeeded. 

Full dialogue here: All argumentation fallacies

Video example: 

Sunk Costs Fallacy is a logical fallacy in which someone argues that something has to continue (project, business etc.) despite being fruitless and unpromising only because a lot of resources has already been used to maintain the project. 

Stan: I have spent so much time, resources and money on my project, I just can't give it up.. Even though it's not working out now, I have to try more and the adoption rate will rebound. All these efforts don't have to be in vain.

Mary: I understand that you feel bitter and you don't want to give up your project. But the fact that you have spent much on the project doesn't have to define what you're going to do next. You clearly didn't find a product-market fit, even though you have a nice product. It's time to move on, scrap the project and start something new benefiting from the experience from your previous project.

Full dialogue here: All argumentation fallacies

Video example: 

Equivocation (ambiguity) is a logical fallacy in which someone uses a phrase or a word in multiple senses in an argument. 

Stan: Well, I have the right to work on my project, therefore it's right for me to continue doing what I'm doing. 

Mary: No one disputes your right to do what you want. But I wouldn't agree that continuing your project is a right thing to do. 

Full dialogue here: All argumentation fallacies

Video example: 

 
 
Standardized testing is used universally nowadays in the university and school systems to select people based on how well they performed on the test. While a standardized test could be an efficient way to assess a person's mental abilities/IQ, it could also miss other important aspects of human mind and nature. 
 
 

Slippery Slope Fallacy is a logical fallacy in which somebody suggests an unlikely outcome in an argument without providing enough data.

Adam: I know what happens to people who don't care about college degrees.. They start exploring different options, try this, try that. They think they can succeed by doing something unusual, but the thing it's super hard to do something unique, so when you realize it, it's too late and nobody wants to employ you because you have no degree and you end up on the street.

ET: Not going to college doesn't mean you're doomed for failure. Yes, it's immensely hard to create something new and not copy anyone. But like I said, there are many other alternatives to college nowadays. The prestige of college degrees is overrated. But still it doesn't mean that nobody should pursue college education. For many people it's a viable option. But it also doesn't mean that going to college is the only way to succeed.

Full dialogue here: All argumentation fallacies

Video example: 

False Dilemma is a logical fallacy in which somebody limits the number of options in an argument, e.g. presenting two options when there are in fact more than two options.

Adam: Well, when a person finishes high school, they should do something good with their lives that is go to college to prosper and contribute to society or else they will end up using drugs and they will wind up in jail. 

ET: There's absolutely no reason to believe that there are only two outcomes after you finish high school. You can explore many other options like going to a trade school, joining an apprenticeship program or starting your own venture. 

Full dialogue here: All argumentation fallacies

Video example: 

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